Silicones are polymers that include silicon together with carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and sometimes other chemical elements. Some common forms include silicone oil, silicone grease, silicone rubber, and silicone resin.
More precise name of the chemical formula of Silicone called polymerized siloxanes or polysiloxanes, silicones are mixed inorganic-organic polymers with the chemical formula [R2SiO]n, where R is an organic group such as methyl, ethyl, or phenyl. These materials consist of an inorganic silicon-oxygen backbone (…-Si-O-Si-O-Si-O-…) with organic side groups attached to the silicon atoms, which are four-coordinate.
Silicone rubbers are widely used in industry, and there are multiple formulations. Silicone rubbers are often one-part or two part polymers, and may contain fillers to improve properties or reduce cost. Silicone rubber is generally non-reactive, stable, and resistant to extreme environments and temperatures from -55°C to +300°C while still maintaining its useful properties. At the extreme temperatures, the tensile strength, elongation, tear strength and compression set can be far superior to conventional rubbers although still low relative to other materials. Due to these properties and its ease of manufacturing and shaping, silicone rubber can be found in a wide variety of products, including: automotive applications; cooking, baking, and food storage products; apparel such as undergarments, sportswear, and footwear; electronics; medical devices and implants (Silicone rubber is a highly inert material and does not react with most chemicals. Due to its inertness, it is used in many medical applications and in medical implants); and in home repair and hardware with products such as silicone sealants.
There are also many special grades and forms of silicone rubber, including: steam resistant, metal detectable, electrically conductive, chemical/oil/acid/gas resistant, low smoke emitting, and flame-retardant. A variety of fillers can be used in silicone rubber, although most are non-reinforcing and lower the tensile strength.
|Hardness, shore A
|Elongation at break
(Captured from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
- High Calories of Si-O binding energy formation
- 3-dimensional reticular structure formation
- Low Surface resistance due to Si-OH(1.3 x 108)
- Low Temperature Hardening Type Coatings
- Allows hardening at a low temperature(80∼200℃) after coated like a general coating
material, which generates a firm and solid Fine Ceramic Film through the hardening process.
- Applicable to All Kinds of Materials
- Could be applied on the surfaces of any kinds of materials such as plastics, glasses, textiles, refractory, woods etc.
- Excellent Physical Property of Coating Film
- Ultra-weather proof, High-temperature oxidation Prevention, Thermal Resistance, Incombustibility, Thermal resistance, Incombustibility, Anticorrosion, High solidity, Anti-abrasion, Contamination resistance, Moisture proof, Water repellant, Chemical resistance, Acid resistance
- Simple Execution
- Using purpose could use it in various methods such as spraying, dipping, rolling, and printing corresponding to the materials or.
- Superior in Flexibility
- Coating film is flexible though it is composed of ceramic materials, and touch-up is allowable.
- Affinitive to Environments
- Configured of aqueous inorganic material, which scarcely contains toxic substances such that it hardly generates environmental hormone (Endocrine Disruptors).
- Wide Range of Application
- Applicable to advanced industrial materials such as interior/exterior finishing materials, chemical mechanics, electronics, textiles including household electric appliances and kitchen utensils.
- Enhancing added great value of products and high degree of efficiency
- Enhances added great value of products since it provides highly advanced functions, which are necessary to every industrial fields, such as infrared radiation emission, adiabatic radiation, anti-microbial deodorization, anti-electrification, electric heating, electromagnetic wave absorption, ultra-violet rays absorption, hydrophilic function, photo-catalytic function